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If you have any interest in Craftwork and Decorative Painting
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The original edition of this Rare book was printed in 1890

296 Pages of instructions in all kinds of Decorative Arts.


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In presenting to the public and our artistically inclined
people our " Art Manual " we should do so with some
trepidation had we not the assurance, in placing before
them this work, that it would instantly win its way into their
favor by its merits. Most books produced by the press of the
present day are novels, compilations, scientific and theological
ones, meeting as they do only certain classes, and are
subjects which have been constantly before the people.

We present you a "new book" in every sense of the word.

We propose entering with our readers into the beautiful realms
of Art, than which there is no more interesting subject; our
object being its promotion and dissemination. We want to
see the great majority of our refined, educated, but needy
women embrace it as a source of profit as well as pleasure,
many of whom with an intellect for greater things, but incapable
of muscular labor or exposure, can, by applying themselves
energetically to this occupation, earn a good livelihood
and famous name, and assist in disseminating its beauties
everywhere. Many homes are there in our land, which they can
ornament, and embellish to their profit, and the pleasure of
others. Those comfortably situated in life, whose home
decorations they prefer to be the product of their own hands,
will hail our " Manual " as "a friend indeed." To the child
in whom is observed traits of genius it will be of invaluable
assistance in developing those traits. Our aim is to combine
in this work all the different methods of producing portraits,
landscapes, painting on canvas, wood, china, etc., etc., to
furnish to all lovers of the useful and beautiful in art a true
teacher, making every instruction so plain and comprehensive,
that a child can grasp the meaning. In thus combining all
these arts in one volume, we save the learner the expense of
purchasing a large number of books at a cost which effectually
precludes the possibility of many engaging in this
profitable and pleasant occupation. Then, to those whose
tastes are artistically inclined, and who find it most inconvenient
to obtain instructions in all the branches desired; to
those in whom genius lies dormant and whom necessity compels
to earn their own livelihood; to those who desire to
combine pastime with pleasure, and to those who have the
means, tastes and desire but not the necessary assistance at
hand to ornament their homes, we respectfully dedicate our
"Art Manual."



In learning the art of drawing or writing, like all other
Arts and Sciences, there are certain first and fixed principles
to be observed as a foundation upon which the
whole is built. A right understanding of these is absolutely
necessary that we may become masters of that art which
we undertake to learn. A neglect of these first principles is the
reason why so many who have spent time sufficient to become
accomplished artists, are, after all their pains and loss of time,
incapable of producing even fair work ; and are often at a loss
to know how to begin. Many commence by copying the work
of others, and are surprised to find how little such ability avails
them when attempting to make sketches from nature. The instruction
for those who intend prosecuting this delightful study,
is prepared with great care by the author, who has had very many
years of experience in landscape drawing. 'Tis true that much
of his ability has been attained by years' of patient industry
and practice. Yet time might have been saved by little earlier
attention to principles and study of works on the subject, prepared
by experts. The best advice to those contemplating a study
of the art who possess any degree of skill in the use of the
pencil, is to go out into the field, with the "instructor" in one
hand and your sketch-book in the other, select some object of
interest, and " take it in." If not satisfactory, try again be not
too easily discouraged. You will find the study of nature a
source of pleasure, objects of interest will appear on every hand,
in the valleys, on the mountains, the lakes, or by the river side,
and as you become familiar with the scenes in nature, difficulties
will disappear, and you are happy in the thought that sketching
from nature is truly one of the most pure and refined of intellectual
pleasures and professions, and the sketch-book with you,
as with the writer, will ever be a chosen companion.

When this branch of the work has been completed, and the
landscape transferred to paper and shaded up, the most difficult
part of the task is accomplished. The next essential element
in the advancement of the picture, and that which renders it
more beautiful to the eye, is color. Tis well to turn aside from
your unfinished landscape or portrait, and study the colors in
nature, the mixing of tints, and how to apply them, as shown on
a subsequent page of this book.

To become an artist requires only a love for the art, a good eye,
and an abundance of continuity.


Sketching from Nature. How to Make a Drawing Linear Perspective
Materials Terms in a Picture Lines in Nature Line
of Beauty Landscapes Selecting a Position Lights and Shades 9
Colors in Nature. Primary Colors Advantages of Colors Colors
of a Spectrum Mixtures of Colors Transmission of Light Pure
"White, Black, Gray, Green Neutralization of Colors .... 23

Pen and Pencil Drawing. Paper Used for Transferring Preparation
of Paper Method of Transferring Shading by Pen Pentagraph
How to Use it- -Copying with Transparent Paper ... 27

Pastel Painting. Crayons and Pastels Paper Used Exposure to
the Sun Colors Employed Colors of Paper Mounting the Picture
Sketching In the Outlines Applying the Crayon Colors
and Composition of Tints Background 29

Landscape Painting in Crayon. Paper Arranging the Paper
Drawing Using the Colors Fixing the Drawing Materials for
Pastel Drawing' 33

Monochromatic Drawing. Directions Materials Used Shades
Blending Sky Mountains Water Moonlight Old Ruins, etc. 37
Water Colors. Instructions Colors Used for Sky and Distances
Hills Trees Foreground Sky Moonlight, etc. Selecting the
Paper Different Kinds Brushes Other Materials Colors Used 38

Landscape Painting in Oil Colors. Technical Names and Materials
Used Mixing of Tints How to Apply Them A Glaze Impasting
Scrambling Handling Light Brushes Materials
Used Canvas Prepared Paper Mill-boards Panels Palettes
A Dipper Rest Stick Knives Easels Vehicles Mixed Tints 45

Oil Photo. Miniature or Cameo Oil Improved Method Treating
the Photograph Paste Preparation The Glass Cleaning Colors
Applied Wedges Caution Directions for Coloring Second
Method Ivory Type or Mezzotint Mounting the Photograph
Materials Used Another Plan 55

Photo Painting in Water Colors. Selecting Photograph Preparing
the Photo Colors Used Coloring Background, Face, Eyes,
Mouth, Hair, Clothing Shadowing 60

Russian or Egyptian Method. To Produce First Class Picture
Applying Colors Palette Liquid Colors Used Brushes . . 63

Making Photographs. Gelatine Dry-plate Process The Outfit
Fillingthe Plate-Holder Taking the Picture Making Negatives
Chemical Outfit Directions for Using Chemicals Instructions
Summarized Making Prints from Negatives Sensitized Paper
Prints Toning Process Mounting Pictures 65

Draughtsmen's Sensitive Paper for Copying Drawings. Directions
How to Use Printing by Exposure 70

Wood Painting. From the German General Preliminaries
Requisites Colors Transferring the Drawing on Wood Enlarging
and Reducing Designs Divisions of Wood Surface Tracing
and Transferring Designs Fixing Transferred Design Coloring Retouching
Wood Articles Polishing Designs .... 71

Transparencies. Instructions General Directions 81

Crystal, or Oriental Painting. Materials Used Colors Used Directions 83

Antique Italian Landscape Painting. Style of the Painting
Transferring Quality of the Glass Used Materials Directions Paints Used 85

Grecian Oil Painting. Selecting the Engraving Applications
Method of Painting Mixing the Paints Eyes, Hair, Flesh
Suggestions Colors Brushes 87

Ornamental Glass Sign Work. Lettering Door Plates Ornamenting
Glass Work, Boxes, etc. Instructions Lettering the Glass-
Holding the Letters Next Process Remaining Directions Articles
Used Note 89

Vitremanie. Easy and Inexpensive Decoration of Windows,
Churches, Public Buildings, Private Houses, etc. Supersedes
Diaphanie Defects of Diaphanie Materials Used in Vitremanie
Simple Instructions Applying the Design Removing the
Paper Arranging the Designs 91

Diaphanie. Similarity to Decalcomanie Materials Required
The Application Designs Used 93

Painting on Silk. Satin and Silk Its Beauty and Popularity-
Transferring Painting Directions Using Colors Lightly
Raised Work Colors Used Bringing out the Picture .... 94

Staining Wood and Ivory. Yellow Mahogany Black, Red, Blue,
Purple Acids and Materials Used 96

Crystalline Surfaces. Paper, Wood, and Glass Mixture Used-
Application Directions 97

China Painting. On China, Porcelain, Earthenware, and Enamel-
Colors Used Process of Burning In Tracing and Drawing-
First Method Second Method Third Method Cleaning
Brushes Composition, Use, and Mixing of Colors Classification
of Colors Tests Fusibility Thickness Mediums Conduct of
the Work Special Information Concerning Painting Colors
Mode of Use Mixtures Concordance of Enamel with Moist
and Oil Colors Technical Names 99

Monochrome. China Painting Painting on Porcelain or Earthenware
Tints of Monochromes Sketching In Painting the Head
Hair Flesh Tints Drapery Retouching M. Lacroix's
Colors Finishing the Monochrome General Suggestions . . 111

China Painting. Painting the Head in Colors on Porcelain Drawing
and Sketching In Highly Colored Faces Cast Shadows
Painting the Lips Blue Eyes Fair Hair Colored Draperies
The Palette 115

China Painting. Style of Boucher Flowers, Fruits, Birds and
Landscape on Porcelain Retouching Leaves Peaches Instructions
on Landscapes The Sky Trunks of Trees Branches
Houses Ground Water Strengthening Touches Directions
for Packing 118

Terra Cotta Painting. Enamel, Oil and Water Color Painting on
Terra Cotta Special Instructions Materials and Brushes Used 123

Burning In. Mineral Decalcomanie New and Beautiful Art
Transferring Pictures to China and Other Ware Imitating Exactly
Beautiful Painting Directions, Materials Required,
Designs, Numbers, Prices 126

Natural Flowers. Preservation Hot Water System Sandwich
Island Process Sand Drying Method Last Process .... 129

Paper-Flower Making. Arrangement of Bouquets Materials
Used Directions for Using Wire, Silk, etc. Crimson Rhododendron
White Camelia, Rose, Pink Fuchsia Grouping Flowers
Examples List of Materials, Tools, etc 134

French Art Decorating Wood, Leather, Silk, etc. To Decorate
Delicate Fabrics Another Method Decorating Dark Colored
Articles Choice of Subjects Covered Designs List of Subjects
that can be Decorated General Suggestions 143

The Wax Art Flowers and Fruit Instructions for Making Wax
and Molds Materials Used, etc. Molding Preparing Wax To
Mold a Calla Lily Painting Variegated Flowers Directions for
Sheeting Wax Molding Wax Fruit Oranges, Apples, Peaches,
Grapes, etc. Special Instructions Leaf Molds, Wires, Steel Molding
Pins, Moss, Miscellaneous Articles, Colored Wax .... 146

Sprinkle Work. Decoration of Wood and China Ornaments Its
Ease and Beauty Utensils Process Special Directions
Varnishing and Polishing Sprinkle Work on China Veins Colors
Generally and Satisfactorily Used General Suggestions . . . 154

Pearl Embroidery. Fish Scales To Prepare Them Drawing the
Pattern of Leaf Directions 161

Feather Flowers. Instructions to Begin Color of Feathers
Dyeing Renewing Ostrich Feathers 162

Lustral Bronze Painting. Preparations Instructions Copy from
Engravings Stems of Trees Second Shade Figures Parts of
Mountains Varnishing Suggestions Gilding 164

Japanese Art. Gathering Leaves Directions 165

Staining Glass. Causes of Decay Of Glass Painting Colors Used
Classes Process of Laying the Colors Peinture et Appret
Ground or Foundation The Vehicle Most Suitable Oil Palette
Pigments Fused Colors Illuminated Colors New Tone of
Color Mosaic Glass Painting Cartoons Cutting Over-laid
Glass Colored Pot Metal 169

Gilding Glass. Preparations Cutting Figures and Ornaments
most Important Secret General Suggestions 179

Etching on Copper. Heating Dabbing Smoking Etching
Fluid for the Purpose Directions 181

Kensington Painting. Its Progress and Popularity Materials
Used Colors Necessary Applying Colors Flowers, Leaves Instructions 185

Arrasene Embroidery. Novelty and Beauty Wool and Silk Arrasene
A Wild Rose Blind Stitch Double Rose Daisies-
Forget-me-not Leaves Stems Full Instructions .... 189

Portraiture in Black Crayon. Careful Instructions Paper Cutting
and Trimming Dampening and Framing Selecting Materials
Enlarging the Photograph Tracing Carefulness Features
Pupils of the Eyes Iris Nose Lips Blending Process
The Hair The Drapery Collar and Shirt Front The Background
Lace Work Finishing General Important Suggestions 191

Analysis of Colors. Nature and Quality Blues Reds Browns
Mixing Compound Tints for the Face Tints and Colors Producing
them Transparent Colors Semi-Transparent Contrast
and Harmony of Colors 197

Taxidermy. Profit, Usefulness and Beauty Skinning Mounting
in General Preserving Spiders and Insects Shell Fish
Polishing Shells Collecting Animals Recipes General and
Special Instructions - 203


This Book is intended for education and informational purposes only.

Our modification and restoration process of this book, has resulted in our creating a new work (restored or annotated or improved work), that gives us a clear and novated copyright to this modified version.


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