Fagaceae: deciduous tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 18 m (59ft) A large fast growing deciduous tree with large matt, oval, lobed leaves that turn red and then russet brown before leaf fall in the autumn. It requires a lime free soil. Found in dry or upland woods, on a variety of soils, it grows best in those that are deep and fine textured, and the largest trees are found in protected ravines or on sheltered slopes. Native to Eastern North America - Nova Scotia to Georgia, west to Oklahoma and Minnesota.
The seeds can be cooked, and where the staple food for several native North American Indian tribes. Up to 3cm long. It can be dried, ground into a powder and used as a thickening in stews or mixed with cereals for making bread. The seed contains bitter tannins; these can be leached out by thoroughly washing the seed in running water.
The bark and inner bark has antiseptic, astringent, emetic, febrifuge and tonic properties. An important lumber source in America, it is highly valued for flooring, furniture, veneer and construction.
Red Oak acorns have a shallow dormancy, if they are sown outside in late winter or early Spring the dormancy will be easily broken by the cold conditions naturally found within the soil. They can be sown outside in the garden usually during late February or March in soil that has been well cultivated and is free from weeds. Acorns can be broadcast over the soil or sown in drills and covered with a couple of centimetres of fine soil and will need protecting from mice, squirrels and pigeons etc. and intense frost.
For seed that will be sown under glass the acorns should be mixed with a 50/50 blend of moist peat/compost and sharp sand -just enough to separate the seeds from each other. Put them in a plastic bag (freezer bags are ideal) and place the loosely tied bag in a fridge for at least 4 weeks. If they show signs of germination sow them immediately. After this period of pre-treatment, they can be sown in good quality potting compost in deep containers (at least 20cm deep), covering each acorn with a couple of centimetres of soil.
As soon as these seeds germinate they produce a very strong taproot, planting in shallow containers will cause severe root deformation. They can be started off under protection or indoors but should really be placed outside from the early summer. If you need to store your acorns before pre-treatment, mix them with slightly moist compost or peat and keep them in a cool place such as a frost free unheated outbuilding or in the fridge.
Initial growth is very rapid and within a few weeks from germination the seedlings will be between 10 and 20cm high. The trees will then rest for a few weeks before developing a terminal bud that will break into rapid new growth if the conditions are right. This usually brings height growth to 20 to 40cm. In warm locations and in favourable years the seedlings can even have a third growing phase of rapid growth before setting a resting winter bud. To encourage maximum growth, ensure that the trees are never stressed because of a lack of water and that they are well nourished and grown in a warm, sunny position.
Trees should be planted in their permanent position as soon as is practical. If they are large enough, at the end of their first growing season and certainly at the end of the second. Allowing them to be grown in too shallow a container for any length of time will cause permanent root deformities that can lead to the failure of the tree once it grows to a large stature. Remember that Red Oak is pretty fast growing and will become very large and responds poorly to attempts to control its size by pruning.
Every order will receive a free packet of seeds as a thank you!
I have had to remove all listings of poisonous plants, which include the nightshade family, and monkshoods. All these plants and more are still available from my store:
ORDERS MAY BE DELAYED TWO OR THREE DAYS DUE TO WORK COMMITMENTS, SO PLEASE BE PATIENT!
ORDERS MADE BETWEEN MARCH - MAY COULD BE DELAYED UP TO A WEEK. THIS IS A VERY BUSY TIME FOR ANYONE ONE IN THIS BUSINESS.
IF YOU ARE THE IMPATIENT TYPE PLEASE LOOK ELSEWHERE!
I LIVE IN THE UNITED KINGDOM NOT THE USA, SO ORDERS WILL TAKE 2-4 WEEKS.
Due to customs issues I do not ship to Brazil!
SHIPPING TO AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND ARE AT YOUR OWN RISK, I AM STOPPING THE REFUNDING OF LOST ITEMS TO THESE COUNTRIES!!!
IF YOU FAIL TO GERMINATE YOUR SEEDS PLEASE DON’T LEAVE BAD FEEDBACK, SEEDS ARE ALWAYS FRESH AND TESTED FOR VIABILITY BEFORE LISTING, SO I KNOW THAT THEY DO GERMINATE, IF YOU HAVE ANY PROBLEMS PLEASE JUST ASK!!!
PLEASE DO NOT LEAVE NEGATIVE FEEDBACK FOR SEEDS THAT HAVE BEEN LOST IN THE POST, THIS IS NOT MY FAULT AND COMPLETELY OUT OF MY CONTROL, SIMPLY LET ME KNOW AND I WILL HAPPILY RECTIFY THE PROBLEM!
THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME.
Nice seed .... well packed and speedy ..... nice contact .... I can warmly recommend .....Thanks for the generous gift...... return with pleasure.