Step 1. Clean surface with White Lightning or warm soap and water, then rise. Step 2. Base Coat If surface is anything other than metal, apply a coat of Dixie Belle Paint, let dry. If surface is metal, apply a coat of Prime Start. Prime Sart contains an acid blocker to stop the rust/patina from "eating" through the Patina Paint and degarding the metal. Step 3. Apply Patina Paint. SHAKE WELL!