I made this knife out of 1095 high carbon steel and 15n20 steel. I started with about 16 layers and folded it over and over until I ended up with 108 layers of steel and smashed in the ladder pattern. I heat treated and tempered the blade with a hrc of 58. The guard is made from 4130 chromium alloy. I hand filed the rope pattern around the guard to give it that interesting look. I then etched the guard to darken it to a gray color. The handle is made from curly koa wood from Hawaii. I pinned the handle on with brass pins then put a clear varnish on it to protect it. The knife measures 8.75" oal, 1.25" w, .130 th. Blade length is 4.25". I sharpened it afterwards to a razor edge with a final grit of 1000. The knife also comes with a handmade sheath that I made.