It has some nutritional properties, Maca is used as a food both fresh and dry. For the first purpose, fresh roots are used both raw and cooked, using the "Pachamanca" which is an indigenous procedure: A hole is dug in the ground and the Macas are placed in the lower part; preheated stones are then placed in the same way as the previous one to make successive layers of maca until the hole is filled. This procedure is quite used nowadays as it is typical of the region to use this type of cooking. Dry roots are prepared by pre-cleaning in water and subsequent drying in the sun, usually in pieces of cloth. Then they are stored in bags, being able to maintain a good condition for years, being a proven detail that after its second year its taste deteriorates considerably. In some areas of the Puna are usually cooked maca with milk or water in a kind of porridge (called "Mazamorra"), it is a sweet and aromatic puree prepared with small macas because they are less fibrous.
Maca has some medicinal properties, one of the most popularly known is the ability to generate fertility in animals. 8 This phenomenon was observed by the first Spaniards when they saw that the domestic animals that they wore were They reproduced at a slower rate than their Andean counterparts. It is told that the inhabitants advised to add maca to the food of the animals, being able to check the positive effects that occurred. It is known of its positive effect on spermatogenesis in rats at high altitudes. 9 However, research has been conducted on its properties aphrodisiac proving that it has no effect on human hormonal levels in periods of consumption of 12 Weeks.